; Micah 4:1ff.). This was the time when the king would come from Judah (Ge 49:8–12) to defeat Israel’s enemies (Nu 24:17–19). As illustrations of this we may refer to the gradual making known of the Divine character through His different titles (Click Studies on the Names of God), or to the prophesies concerning the coming Messiah. to be at the last gasp. The Septuagint (LXX) Greek translation of the Hebrew OT repeatedly uses virtually the same Greek words (eschatos = last + hemera = day) to describe the last days, a term that any Jewish reader should have been familiar with. "All flesh is not the same flesh; … there are celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one; and the glory of the terrestrial is another… One star differeth from another star in glory." ", Mark 12:6 "He had one more to send, a beloved son; he sent him last of all to them, saying, 'They will respect my son.'. John 11:24 Martha said to Him, "I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.". (Jensen, I. L. Jensen's Survey of the New Testament: Search and discover. Πολυμερῶς καὶ πολυτρόπως ( νοτ a mere alliterative redundancy, denoting variously: -the writer's usual choice use of words forbids this supposition. revelation being made in the last days, ought to be regarded the That is, “God, having spoken, spoke.” Thus, we have the two revelations, that of the First Testament and that of the New, joined together. Filling A Fatigued Faith Series Contributed by Perry Greene on Aug 17, 2020 | 724 views. Spoke (2980) (laleo [word study]) which originally referred to the chattering of birds or prattling of children and evolved in use to the highest form of speech, the thrice holy God choosing language as His primary medium of communication to fallen, sinful mankind. ", Revelation 22:13-note "I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end. Barnes adds that since "the object of the (author of Hebrews) was to show the superior claims of the gospel, and to lead them from putting confidence in the rites instituted in accordance with the directions of the Old Testament, it was of essential importance that he should admit that their belief of the inspiration of the prophets was well founded. frequent in their writings, and prayer books F17, to 1 Peter 1:5-note who are protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. Comment: "Final period of indignation" in Lxx is "ep eschaton tes orges" literally the "time of wrath." Our salvation is a gift of God. (Jude 1:18). Luke 14:9 and he who invited you both will come and say to you, 'Give your place to this man,' and then in disgrace you proceed to occupy the last place. All must willingly, or else unwillingly, submit to His sway, for His Father has appointed Him “Heir of all things.”. Sent down His Son, with truth and grace, Guzik - Hebrews has 29 quotations and 53 allusions to the Old Testament, for a total of 82 references. Initial impressions of Hebrews might suggest that the writer is detached from any context. Denomination: Baptist. Daniel 2:45-Note (one version of Lxx, but not Theodoret) Daniel 2:45 "Inasmuch as you saw that a Stone (Messiah at His Second Coming) was cut out of the mountain without hands (supernatural) and that it crushed the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver and the gold (Da 2:35-Note = "all at the same time… not a trace of them was found"! God spoke to us in one who has this character—that He is Son (cp "a Son" in Heb 3:6-note, Heb 5:8-note). the apostle refers, and in which places the days of the Messiah That law operates in Nature. wherever the phrase, "the last days", is mentioned, the days of We should read the Bible as those who listen to the very speech of God. Indeed, the return of our Lord Jesus Christ is the final (eschatos) stage of the drama, the consummation of the history ("HIS-story") of the world! Comment: Little wonder that they scoff! This is the Gospel revelation, or the revelation in the Gospel dispensation; which though it comes from the same author the other does, yet in many things differs from it, and is preferable to it; and indeed the general design of this epistle is to show the superior excellency of the one to the other; the former was … (Wuest). The Greek has two words meaning “old,” archaios, meaning “old in point of time,” and palaios, meaning “old in point of use, worn out, ready to be displaced by something new.” The close association of our word palai to palaios suggests that the writer had in mind by its use, the fact that while the First Testament revelation was not to be cast aside, yet it was time for a new one to be given, one that would be God’s final word, one that would complete and round out the first one. Moody Press), Thus, the prophets were the mouthpieces of God and their words were not the production of their own spirit, but came from the Holy Spirit as emphasized by Peter who wrote that "no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God. Just as in some majestic Gothic minster (monastery, a cathedral church) the same idea repeats itself in bolder or slighter forms, so do the same great thoughts recur in tree and flower, in molecule and planet, in diatom and man. Unger says that eschatology is a "theological term employed to designate the doctrine of last things, particularly those dealing with the second coming of Christ and the events preceding and following this great event. The earlier revelation was in many forms. In other passages, Paul clearly set himself on an equal level with the apostles and other eyewitnesses of Jesus (1 Corinthians 9:1 and 1 Corinthians 15:3-11). Nor do we say that God has not spoken in other men, or in these men at other times; but we do say that only in the Bible has God given the supreme revelation of his will, and the authoritative rule of our faith and practice. A modern dictionary definition defines eschatology as "a branch of theology concerned with the final events in the history of the world or of mankind." God has spoken and we will be judged concerning our faith in and obedience to what He has said in Scripture. through the Son he made the universe and everything in it." Jesus, then Who is the “last word,” is also the “first word.” The writer is giving clear testimony of the Son’s Deity for only God can create. (Rev 5:4-note)… One of the elders said" to John "Stop weeping; behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome so as to open the book and its seven seals." 3 The Son is the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. The God of Scripture, unlike that absolute and impersonal "first Cause" of philosophers and evolutionists, is not silent.". Either quote substantiates the writer's main premise. His mind and will to saints of old, Jesus "knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands" (Jn 13:3) and that "all things that the Father has are Mine" (Jn 16:15) declared that "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth." Jesus thought this issue was so important to our spiritual life that He included it in the disciple's prayer "forgive us our debts as (just like, in the same manner) we forgive those who trespass against us." To teach us in these latter days. At the beginning of the revelation, the presentation was elementary. It will come about in the last days (Lxx = eschatos hemera [ep eschaton ton hemeron]) that I shall bring you against My land, in order that the nations may know Me when I shall be sanctified through you before their eyes, O Gog." (Mt 6:12-note) And then of all the points in this great prayer, the one to which He gave extra attention was forgiveness (Read His "exposition" in Mt 6:14-15-note), Matthew 12:45 "Then it goes and takes along with it seven other spirits more wicked than itself, and they go in and live there; and the last state of that man becomes worse than the first. In order to maintain and guide the universe, He only has to speak… but in order to put away our sin once for all, He had to die on the cross of Calvary. As for all things here below, material substances, people regenerate or unregenerate, God has given Him power over all flesh that he should give eternal life to as many as His Father has given Him. (Westminster Press). There has been something so unique in these books that they have always stood and fallen together. God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, This "special revelation" contrasts with "natural revelation" described by Paul as "that which is known about God is evident within (all men) for God made it evident to them. For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse." Note that spoke is in the aorist tense, in context indicating past tense, the point being that aorist is used both of God speaking by the prophets and also His speaking by Christ, indicating that He has finished speaking in both cases. Spurgeon - I love to think that He who created all things is also our Savior, for then He can create in me a clean heart and renew a right spirit within me. In the opening chapters, under the guidance of the Spirit of God, Moses has embodied fragments of hallowed tradition, which passed from lip to lip in the tents of the patriarchs; and its later chapters were written when the holy city, Jerusalem, had already been smitten to the ground by the mailed hand of Titus. Moody Press), ESCHATOS IN THE OT: Christ is Lord of all the angels; no seraph spreads his wing except at the bidding of the “Heir of all things.” There are no bright spirits, unknown to us, that are beyond the control of the God-man, Christ Jesus; and the fallen angels, too, are obliged to bow before His omnipotence. Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-3 (Read Hebrews 1:1-3 ) God spake to his ancient people at sundry times, through successive generations, and in divers manners, as he thought proper; sometimes by personal directions, sometimes by dreams, sometimes by visions, sometimes by … And that makes Him better than the prophets. Thus the revelation was given in many parts. It is simply a self-evident given. ", Stedman - The epistle to the Hebrews begins as dramatically as a rocket shot to the moon. (Deut 18:15), No man has seen God at any time; the only begotten God, who is in the bosom of the Father, He (Jesus the Son) has explained (exegeomai = relate in detail, expound = "exegeted") Him (God the Father)." The phrase "LAST DAYS" (eschatos hemera) is found in both the NT & the OT (Specifically in the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew OT.) David will be raised up to rule (Jer 30:9, Ezekiel 34:23-24, Ezekiel 37:24-note; cp indirect reference in Amos 9:11) under the greater David, the Son of David, the Messiah, Who will be King of kings (Viz, King over King David). Matthew 20:14 'Take what is yours and go, but I wish to give to this last man the same as to you. God, having of old time spoken unto the fathers in the prophets by divers portions and in divers manners. Finally, the revelation is complete in Christ. And though wise and clever men have tried their best, they have never been able to produce a single treatise containing that undefinable quality which gives these their mysterious oneness; and to lack which is fatal to the claims of any book to be included with them, or to demand the special veneration and homage of mankind. nature; being his own Son, his proper Son, begotten of him, of (2 Peter 3:3-4). It was 'here a little and there a little.'". Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Now as at the end of the times. God spoke to Micah and told him that the Savior would be born at Bethlehem (Mic 5:2). In his Second Epistle Peter exhorted us to be aware "that in the last days mockers will come with their mocking, following after their own lusts and saying, "Where is the promise of His coming?" Libanius, Orationes 59, 88, greatest wisdom), mostly the lowest place in order of rank (e.g. ", Luke 12:59 "I say to you, you will not get out of there until you have paid the very last cent. Scripture: Hebrews 1:1-2, 2 Timothy 3:1-12. It paints a wonderful picture of how He is superior to the angels because of His redemptive work on the cross. The bright inheritance of heav’n Louis Berkhof was so convinced that God was finished with Israel that in 1947 in his famous book on Systematic Theology he flatly stated that Israel would never again become a nation state, (a belief that fit with his amillennial belief). 2:10 ) . It is the content of this hope that the Christian doctrine of eschatology sets forth. Salvation will penetrate “to the end of the earth” (Isa. Hebrews is the only New Testament document that expressly calls Jesus a priest, although it is implied in others (Bruce, p. lii). Comment: In the previous four passages in which Jesus repeats the phrase "on the last day", clearly accentuates the eternal security of every believer's salvation. And the seventh angel sounded (the 7th Trumpet judgment) and there arose loud voices in heaven, saying, "The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord, and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever." Luke utilizes the same time phrase writing that "in the last days God says that "I will pour forth of My Spirit upon all mankind" (Acts 2:17), a prophecy from Joel 2:28 which was partially fulfilled at Pentecost, at the birth of the Church. And with that name we commence our attempt to gather up some of the glowing lessons which were first addressed to the persecuted and wavering Hebrews in the primitive age, but have ever been most highly prized by believing Gentiles throughout the universal Church. And in the possession of this mysterious attribute, the Old and new Testaments are one. Young's Literal: In many parts, and many ways, God of old having spoken to the fathers in the prophets, The Epistle to the Hebrews Many portions (4181) (polumeros from polús = many + méros = part) (only use in the NT) is literally "many parts". It follows that this is when the last days began. *Psalm 97:7 - Some scholars favor this quotation as from Deut 32:43 which in the Greek (LXX) reads "Rejoice, ye heavens, with him, and let all the angels of God worship him". That distinction is of utmost importance. The idea is that this is the last in an order of time. The world is full of religious books; but the man who has fed his religious life upon the Bible will tell in a moment the difference between them and the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments. Eschatos is frequently in the Lxx in a phrase "first to last" which summarizes the deeds of kings- 2Chr 9:29 Solomon, 2Chr 12:15 Rehoboam, 2Chr 16:11 Asa, 2Chr 20:34 Jehoshaphat, first to last, 2Chr 25:26 Amaziah, 2Chr 26:22 Uzziah, 2Chr 28:26 (Ahaz) acts; 2Chr 35:27 (Josiah), ESCHATOS IS THE ORIGIN  Hosea 3:5 Afterward the sons of Israel will return and seek the LORD their God and David their king and they will come trembling to the LORD and to His goodness in the last days (Lxx = eschatos hemera [ep eschaton ton hemeron]). (Jer 23:20), Comment: Jeremiah prophesied of the coming Great Tribulation (so named by Jesus), the "time of Jacob's distress" (Jer 30:7), Jeremiah 30:24 The fierce anger of the LORD will not turn back, until He has performed, and until He has accomplished the intent of His heart; In the latter days (Lxx = eschatos hemera [ep eschaton ton hemeron]) you will understand this.". whom the Father is, and he in the Father, and in whom the Spirit These are not contradictory messages. Comment: The Lxx uses eschatos to translate end so that the English rendering of the Lxx is "will show what shall happen to them (Israel) in the last days (days is not in the Greek text though).". One of the more notable uses of eschatos is when it is coupled with hemera (day) to give us the well known phrase "last days." Reconciliation should be made today. (Hebrews 1:1) Like the Fourth Gospel and the Book of Genesis, this epistle begins with God. Belief in one has led to belief in all. In the last days promises would stop and fulfillments begin. F B Meyer If I were to try to explain it, and to talk about the eternal filiation, I would only conduct you where I would soon be entirely out of my depth, and very likely I would drown all that I could tell you in floods of words. - Retaining the order of the words in the original, we may translate, In many portions, and in many modes of old God having spoken to the fathers in the prophets. This is the Gospel revelation, or the revelation in the Gospel Then at various times 2:2ff. Hebrews 1:2. God promised everything to the Son as an inheritance, and through the Son he created the universe. The prophets received their call or appointment directly from God, and some like Jeremiah (Jer 1:5) or John the Baptist (Jn 1:13, 14, 15), were called before birth. (MacArthur, John: Hebrews. Consider Jesus Our Great High Priest. Isaac Watts expresses the thoughts of verse 1-2 in hymn: God, Who in various methods told of There is as great variety there as in Nature. And yet, amid all natural variety, there is a marvelous unity. He will destroy his enemies (Jer. God, all his counsel, all that Christ heard of the Father; it is In Revelation 5 John "saw in the right hand of Him who sat on the throne a book written inside and on the back, sealed up with seven seals" (Rev 5:1-note). (Rev-note), When and how does the Son inherit His possession? It would seem as if the molds in which natural products are being shaped are broken up and cast aside as soon as one result has been attained. Admittedly I have given you a "cheat sheet" below, but don't let that stop you for observing carefully (and marking distinctively) the words in your Bible. 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