on How To Dry Brine Turkey In 3 Easy Steps, on Quick Fishing Tip Sheet: 15 Great Lures, on Plan Your DIY Public Land Mule Deer Hunt Now. But after years of wet brining his turkeys, Levin said he's come to favor "what some people call the dry brine method, which is really an application of a salt rub or cure." There are three main ways that salt can be used for curing meat: Dry curing, injecting, and wet curing. Wet brining buys you the time you need to get the whole bird cooked without turning the breast meat into sawdust. Method 1: Dry Curing. Fatty cuts work best (the leaner the cut, the drier the end product). The wet-cured belly weighed 5.5lbs. This time I tried a wet brine and reduced the salt. Moreover, it and can be a mean to impart other flavours into the food, such as herbs and spices. We ran a Thanksgiving recipe contest that year, and one reader’s recipe for dry-cured turkey was a hands-down favorite. Some chefs find that while dry curing is easier, some flavors are not quite as bold as with dry curing. This is the traditional way of salt curing, you have a pan or bowl of your curing mixture which includes salt, pink salt & spices. So…should you dry brine or wet brine a turkey? Brining does not allow for long curing times; thus, many experts agree that dry curing will result in higher quality of meat. The principle is that without water, no bacteria can survive. It takes time. A dry cure is just like it sounds – dry. And so technically, what I compared is a dry cure (salting the salmon and allowing the salt to penetrate before smoking) and a wet cure (‘marinating’ the salmon in a brine). We’ve all heard about brining and curing. But as long as you can make room in your refrigerator for the turkey, set in a pan to catch any drips, it’s merely a matter of planning ahead. The thicker the cut the longer it takes to cure (see above). This is my second make your own bacon video. Dry cureinvolves rubbing the outside of the meat with a special blend of salt and seasonings and allowing the meat to rest in this mixture for a long period of time. The wet brine provides juicier meat for your curry while dry brine is better for making grilled meat. What Is The T-Shirt Method Of Food Smoking? * Since dry brining is way more doable, requires less heavy duty equipment, and consistently offers better results, then it seems like the answer we’re looking for here is that dry brining is likely the way to go. They are all delicious and we stand by wet brining as an excellent way to add flavor to your bird while also ensuring that the breast meat stays moist and juicy. However, wet curing is usually the safest to do at home. A dry cure draws out moisture from the meat, making the finished product more … "It works on the same principle as wet brining. Dry Equilibrium Curing = % of Sea Salt + 0.25% Pink Curing Salt to the Total Weight of the Meat. You need a big vessel to hold them both—either a lobster pot in the refrigerator or a big cooler, packed with ice, out on the deck. Here are a few great smoker recipes that use a good old fashioned dry-cure: A brine is a liquid saturated with salt. Wet Cured Ham, on the other hand, is cured using a mixture of salt and water called brine. A wet cure is essentially a brine that adds moisture to the meat, making it more plump and succulent. This setting should only be used on your home or work computer. In its simplest form, a cure is just salt, but most often some sugar and/or herbs will be mixed to create more complex flavours. How to Cook Lobster | Tips from Bertha Nunan, New England Steamed Clams | Guide & Recipes, dry-cured turkey, seasoned with rosemary, thyme, sage, and mustard seeds, Traditional Thanksgiving Recipes with a Twist, Turkey FAQ | A Thanksgiving Turkey Cheat Sheet, Bell’s Seasoning | A New England Thanksgiving Classic, Yankee Magazine’s Ultimate New England Winter Guide, Yankee Magazine’s Ultimate New England Summer Guide, 63 Reasons Why We Love the Cape & Islands, Yankee Magazine’s Ultimate Guide to Autumn in New England, Get Rid of Skunk Odor | Methods to Deskunk Your Dog, 10 Prettiest Coastal Towns in New England. 4 days is good for a thin cut; 7 – 8 days for a thick roast. A dry brine is typically sugar, salt and spices applied overtop of the salmon and held in a refrigerated … on What Is The T-Shirt Method Of Food Smoking? This is a fairly accurate comparison, except that brines rely on salt to drive fluid exchange across and into the meat tissue, while marinades use acid to break down meat tissue. We also highly recommend our Maple-Sage Dry-Brined Turkey. Re: Dry cure vs Wet brine « Reply #2 on: December 20, 2010, 01:41:45 PM » I like the texture of curing Canadian bacon with a dry cure, a wet cure is easy and it doesn't need to take 10 - … Adapted from Julia Child. The “curing salt” discussed here is 6.75% sodium nitrite in sodium chloride. It’s a technique that was first popularized about ten years ago in California by chef Judy Rogers of San Francisco’s Zuni Cafe. Such a process is used for cold-smoked salmon, pepperoni or salami. These processes are most avidly used for ham, bacon, and pastrami. Packing meat or fish in a dry-cure pulls all of the water out of the flesh to avoid spoilage from bacterial growth. They are the best ways to impart flavour and make meats and poultry tender and juicy. If you have limited time and/or limited space in your refrigerator, get your cooler ready and go with the wet method. It is tough to declare a winner as both wet brine, and dry brine is applied for two different types of purpose. Dry Cure or Wet brine Dry Cure. But traditional brining does have two downsides: First, it can be messy, what with a huge turkey and all that brine. Please realize that making a ham from the pigs you have raised is not going to be an immediate thing — it’s definitely a process. A ‘genuine’ wet-cure would’ve meant submerging the belly in a cold water solution but we’re taking baby steps in the process. If I'm doing gravlax, lox or cold smoked salmon, then I "dry cure" by packing in dry salt for 24 hours +/-. Wet Brine Equilibrium Curing = % of Sea Salt + 0.25% Pink Curing Salt to the Total Weight of the Meat in addition 1L=1Kg weight so 40% water is calculated of the total meat weight Inspired by her advice, Russ Parsons, food editor at the Los Angeles Times wrote a November, 2006 column comparing this dry cure approach (he called it the “Judy Bird”) with other popular techniques, such as brining a turkey. Heath Robbins | Styling by Beth Wickwire/ Ennis Inc. In reality, you’re salting the meat only a little more than you would if you were simply seasoning for flavor, and the salt is so well distributed in the meat that there aren’t any “hot spots.”. You can add other seasonings as well. Over the years, we’ve published many great recipes for wet brining a turkey: Chef Sam Hayward’s 2004 recipe; a grilled, brined turkey from chef Geoff Gardner; our roasted brined turkey with giblet gravy; chef Frank McClelland’s cider-brined turkey with Madeira gravy. That high surface level of salt and the resulting meat polymer can affect other important food characteristics, such as the crust on your meat, or … While you can fully wet brine a turkey in 12 to 24 hours, the dry method takes 3 days (you can cut it down to 2, but the results aren’t as good). But brining is what most home cooks are going to be doing more regularly, and curing is a technique often used for more specific applications. Wet brine for the best meat; Dry brine for the best skin & flavor. The only downside to dry curing? These directions can be used for any red meat: beef, yak, goat, lamb, bison, venison, etc. Whether you’re using the wet or the dry curing method, the next step for smoking the bacon is the same. “Dry curing” or “dry brining” involves putting salt, herbs, and spices directly on the skin of the bird, then wrapping it in plastic and letting it sit. At the end of the curing period the dry belly had lost roughly 30% of its weight which now stood at 3.85lbs. But as long as you can make room in your refrigerator for the turkey, set in a pan to catch any drips, it’s merely a matter of planning ahead. However the main application for curing is to preserve food. A brine is a liquid saturated with salt. For the purpose of this blog, when I say cure I mean dry-cure. Not enough to spoil anyone’s meal, but just a bit of textural imperfection. However, both brining methods have their benefits and drawbacks. While it does have the ability to preserve food when combined with other preservation techniques such as smoking, it is less commonly used than dry cure. West Coast cooks quickly embraced dry brining as the Next Big Thing, but the technique has been slow to gain traction here. If I'm looking for hot smoked salmon then I want it "salt cured" and will use a mix of 1 cup salt and 2 cups brown sugar per gallon of water overnight. And the dry cure won. Plan Your DIY Public Land Mule Deer Hunt Now. The water solution pumps up the amount of liquid in the bird by as much as 40 percent, but the salt also helps the muscles retain the liquid during cooking. Technically speaking, a brine is a “wet-cure”. It’s then wrapped up and set in a refrigerator for 6-7 days to cure. nitrite WET curing calculator: Jan 2017 . Other ingredients can be added to the brine, including sugar, liquid smoke, nitrites, and … Brining is more so used for imparting flavour and tenderizing, and less commonly used for preservation. As already mentioned, it’s also at this point that you can also sprinkle some coarsely ground pepper (if using) onto your wet-brined pork belly and “top off” the pepper on your dry-cured pork belly. You might be wondering, doesn’t this make the turkey too salty? But what’s the difference between them and when do you choose one over the other? It involves rubbing salt and seasonings directly onto the chops and letting them rest in the refrigerator for a bit before cooking. But most modern uses also involve the added steps of fermenting and/or hot or cold smoking after the curing. A brine solution is simply a dry cure mixture dissolved in water. Cure is a method of preparing meats or fish for preservation by salting. Their color is from sodium nitrate which is not used here. Here are some excellent smoker recipes that turn out oh so tasty with a little brining beforehand. Brine cure: My corned beef brine recipe (for method, using a smaller cut of meat) and Bresaola: Dried Italian Beef (1) (for flavorings); 2. The EQ cure calculators below will let you calculate the appropriate weights of cure #1, salt, and sugar for either a wet or a dry EQ cure. Since a dry brine helps tenderize pork chops just as much as a wet brine, there’s no reason not to embrace the technique. on What’s Not Great About Smoked Whole Chicken? The major differences include saltiness, curing blend, curing placement, and length of cure. Dry cured ham is served uncooked (usually). In dry-brined meat, the surface is at 100% salt under each salt crystal, and in wet-brined meat, the surface is at 6% everywhere. According to the article, wet brining puts more water into the chicken, resulting in plumper juicier chicken but with somewhat watered-down flavor. Breaking it down, there are two main types of curing: dry cure, and wet cure. Share your experiences of dry curing or brining a turkey in the comments! Wet curing allows the chef to perfectly control the amount of humidity the meat is exposed to, which avoids further putrefaction. In a wet brine, a bath of salt-infused water saturates the meat. Brining is more so used for imparting flavour and tenderizing, and less commonly used for preservation. At its most basic level, wet brining is the process of immersing meat in salt water. The simplest brine is just salt and water, but the addition of ingredients such as fresh herbs, crushed garlic, brown sugar, mustard seeds, lime or even beer can bring your meal to the next level. No water is added in this process – the meat is simply left to cure for a full, robust flavour. There are a few recipes, such as gravlax, where fish or meat is packed in a dry salt cure and then consumed immediately. As this happens, the salt alters the proteins, making it easier for the meat to absorb that liquid, as well as any seasonings you add. But if you have the space and can plan ahead, our dry-cured turkey, seasoned with rosemary, thyme, sage, and mustard seeds, is well worth a try. It takes time. The answer to both is no. In fact, Barreira insists that even if you do go through the trouble of a wet brine, a dry-brined bird is still going to offer a better, richer flavor. What’s Not Great About Smoked Whole Chicken. Justin Walker’s Brined and Roasted Turkey. Curing is also sometimes called "dry brining," and brining is sometimes called "wet curing," just to make things even more confusing. To brine a ham is basically to wet cure a ham. This post was first published in 2012 and has been updated. The difference between the two brining options comes in how the salt works. Some words on the cure itself. Before we get to the actual process, let’s take a moment to understand what brining is and how it works. Technically speaking, a brine is a “wet-cure”. If you are looking for our salt brine calculator, click here Not applicable for sausages and other ground meats Make sure to pay attention to the units! But yeah, dry brining achieves the same effect that you would get from a regular "wet" brine in which meats or vegetables or cheeses are soaked in … A wet brine usually consists of a large amount of water with salt, sugar, and spices. I have been using this recipe for several years and it always comes out delicious. (I am of the opinion that the terms ‘brine’ and ‘wet cure’ can be used interchangeably.) While it does have the ability to preserve food when combined with other preservation techniques such as smoking, it is less commonly used than dry cure. This method is best for ham, bacon, and small pieces of meat. Lastly, a tip: For extra-crisp skin, remove the plastic wrap from your turkey as it sits in the refrigerator for the final four hours of curing (or, even better, up to overnight). I've been reading that many cooks have abandoned the dry brine method for a wet brine method. 5.9 Step 9: Remove the meat from the brine; 6 Wet Brining Vs. Dry Brining; 7 The End of the Brine; What Is Wet Brining? It is sometimes considered to be less effective, as it relies entirely on another preservation method. Salt, sugar, pepper, and Insta-cure are rubbed all over every surface of the belly. Dry brining is easier. Smoking the Bacon. To dry cure, you put the meat in a container and surround it completely with salt. Brining is often compared to marinating. I learned of the method in 2005, when I was living in California and working at an associate food editor at Sunset magazine. The first recipe is a wet cure; the second, a dry cure. It’s a personal preference; I use equilibrium curing because I know that all the ingredients are absorbed and intensify the pork. Curing food imparts a unique “cured” flavour to food. There are many different ways to add brining to elevate everyday recipes such as chicken and turkey. Basic brines consist of only salt and water, but you can add nitrate or nitrite, sugar, honey, herbs and spices. And because the breast meat doesn’t absorb as much water as it would in a wet solution, it never gets spongy. Do you need to rinse the bird when it’s done? Dry-brining is a catchy term for a very simple process of salting and resting food before cooking it. Before using this nitrite curing calculator, please read this article on nitrite curing safety. Dry brining works in much the same way as wet brining: First, the salt draws moisture out of the meat and out to the surface, but then (and I’m simplifying the chemistry here), the salt and water go back into the meat. Both are traditional methods of preserving food and have the advantage of giving you the option to infuse flavour and, sometimes, even help tenderize the product. Some people call this process "pre-salting," which is kind of like "preheating" an oven—doesn't make a ton of semantic sense, seeing as salting and heating are the steps, and nothing precedes them, but that's a debate for another day. The result: moist, deeply flavored meat. Brining is one form of curing, sometimes called brine curing, wet curing or pickling. Wet Brining vs. Dry Curing: The Choice is Yours Salt Box Method. With a wet cure, the belly is instead placed in a water-based cure solution and refrigerated for 10-14 days. One popular example of dry cured ham is Prosciutto di Parma. Dry brining, he said, involves rubbing the turkey, inside and out, with a mixture of salt, sugar and other spices and herbs. And second, soaking the turkey in all that salted, seasoned water can make the breast meat a tad spongy. I’ve based my test recipes on: 1. When most people refer to curing food they are referring to a “dry-cure”, in opposition to a “wet-cure”, that is in fact a brine. Dry cure: an excellent photo-essay on the topic: Smoking Meat Forums: Maki… Turkeys can be notoriously difficult to cook because you’re trying to cook two very different types of meat (white and dark) at the same time and temperature when, in fact, the dark meat takes longer and can withstand higher temperatures without drying out. After many requests, here is a calculator to work out salt and pink curing salt (for both pink curing salt 1 or 2). What are the benefits of brining a turkey? While you can fully wet brine a turkey in 12 to 24 hours, the dry method takes 3 days (you can cut it down to 2, but the results aren’t as good). This allows the skin to dry out and crisp up in the heat of the oven. Judy’s excellent 2002 book, The Zuni Cafe Cookbook, outlined the benefits of pre-salting large pieces of meat (roasts, loins, and whole birds) well in advance of roasting. Find scrumptious recipes, apple picking tips, and more for an appley-delicious fall! So, in 2012, we presented an alternative method — one that combined the benefits of brining without the sponginess problem. Just be aware that the meat will be brown, not that reddish purple color sold in stores. Brining takes several days, and it’s essential to the process of making a good ham. Buying outside of North AmericaLocate an international dealer if you are buying outside of North America. The Apple Lover's Cookbook is a celebration of apples in all their wonderful diversity, from Yankee Senior Food Editor Amy Traverso! If I'm cooking salmon (grill, roast, saute, etc), I'll "dry brine" for an hour or so. Wet brining involves putting the chicken in a salt/sugar/water solution, sometimes with additional spices added, and refrigerating it for a number of hours before cooking. Dry curing is the older and more traditional method of the two, and the lack of added liquid means there i… Of dry cured ham is basically to wet cure is a liquid saturated with salt ways that salt can a! Rubbed all over every surface of the opinion that the meat this article nitrite. Impart other flavours into the food, such as herbs and spices brine reduced... Added in this process – the meat is exposed to, which avoids further.! 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